Centre for Advance Defense Studies (C4ADS) identified 222 companies that did business with the nuclear facilities in India that had no IAEA oversight. Of these, 86 companies did business with more than one such nuclear facility in India.

According to report, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s office did not respond to the requests for comment on this report. According to SIPRI, India has about 135-145 Nuclear Warhead.

Margolin said (Co-Author of Report), This evidence shows that more needs to be done, and there is need that a more sophisticated approach taken to India,”. “Just because the product is not explicitly bound for a military facility, that doesn’t mean that the due diligence process ends there.”

Historical Events

1) 7 June 2016

According to an Indian NGO (Greenpeace India),
India’s nuclear disaster emergency plans are “not in line with international standard” and some interventions set by Indian nuclear regulator in case of an emergency provide “inadequate” protection against possible radiation.

2) 17 December 2015

According to the center for public integrity, India’s Nuclear Explosive materials are vulnerable to theft, US Officials and experts say.

Some other Events

In 2003, members of a group, were caught in a village on the Bangladesh border with 225 grams of milled uranium — allegedly illicitly purchased from a mining employee — that they said they intended to wrap around explosives. The Indian authorities initially claimed it was from Kazakhstan but concluded later it was more likely from a uranium mining complex at Jadugoda, in eastern India.

In 2008, another criminal gang was caught attempting to smuggle low-grade uranium, capable of being used in a primitive radiation-dispersal device, from one of India’s state-owned mines across the border to Nepal. The same year another group was caught moving an illicit stock of uranium over the border to Bangladesh, the gang having been assisted by the son of an employee at India’s Atomic Minerals Division, which supervises uranium mining and processing.

In 2009, a nuclear reactor employee in southwest India deliberately poisoned dozens of his colleagues with a radioactive isotope, taking advantage of numerous gaps in plant security, according to an internal government report seen by the Center.

And in 2013, leftist guerrillas in northeast India illegally obtained uranium ore from a government-run milling complex in northeast India and strapped it to high explosives to make a crude bomb before being caught by police, according to an inspector involved in the case.




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