Ottoman Empire

Erdogan’s Neo-Ottomanism and Hagia Sophia

The Hagia Sophia has been at the heart of a centuries-old ideological and political battle between the Ottoman Empire and the Byzantine empire. Being a symbol of Christendom after its establishment by Byzantine emperor Justinian I in the 16th...

Hagia Sophia, Reality, Propaganda and Clash of Civilizations

From the last couple of days, there is a heated debate going on social media across the globe regarding the conversion of Aya Sophia Museum into Mosque. The debate revolves around the religious-political and legal implications of this move....
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Latest News

Tribute to Shaheeds of Gayari Sector Avalanche Incident 2012

Siachen, a cold hell, highest battleground on earth. Temperature drops in Siachen to as low as -60 C. Both...
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Pakistan’s Second Chance

Growing up we have all heard the tales from our elders about how Pakistan was once a shining beacon of progress in South Asia....

Specifications of Pakistan Army’s Type-85UG Main Battle Tank

The Type-85 is a medium role main battle tank based on the Type-80 chassis which itself was China's attempt in creating a new MBT...

Predominant Weapons Systems of Pakistan Armed Forces at Pakistan Day Parade

Shahpar-II MALE UAV  The GIDS Shahpar II is a medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) tactical UAV. Operations It provides SATCOM & Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) roles with...

FATF & Pakistan

Established in 1989, Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an intergovernmental body having a ministerial mandate regarding policymaking directed at curbing money laundering and...